SKIN DISORDERS


Vitiligo-Leucoderma

Leukoderma- the skin whitening disease is a gradual loss of pigment melanin from the skin layers resulting white patches on the surface of skin. Vitiligo is also a specific kind of leucoderma which has been used interchangeably with leukoderma. Leukoderma the distressing skin disease doesn’t make any organic harm as it is caused neither by germs nor due to bad blood.

Leukoderma usually starts with a small spot that later spreads into patches. Over time, due to the loss of pigment from the skin, the patches become whiter and each patch merge one another creating a broad patch. In some cases it spreads all over the body. Methods of establishing a complete cure of vitiligo or leukoderma have been insufficient in the modern science.

Melasma

Melasma causes patches of discoloration. The patches are darker than your typical skin color. It typically occurs on the face and is symmetrical, with matching marks on both sides of your face. Other areas of your body that are often exposed to sun can also develop melasma.

Brownish colored patches usually appear on the:

  • cheeks
  • forehead
  • bridge of the nose
  • chin

It can also occur on the neck and forearms. The skin discoloration doesn’t do any physical harm, but you may feel self-conscious about the way it looks.

If you notice these symptoms of melasma, see your doctor. Your doctor might refer you to a dermatologist, who is a doctor that specializes in treating skin disorders.

Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a noncontagious, chronic skin condition that produces plaques of thickened, scaling skin. The dry flakes of skin scales result from the excessively rapid proliferation of skin cells. The proliferation of skin cells is triggered by inflammatory chemicals produced by specialized white blood cells called lymphocytes. Psoriasis commonly affects the skin of the elbows, knees, and scalp.

Acne & Pimple

Acne, commonly known as pimples or zits, is a disorder of the sebaceous glands (oil glands)Whenever there is excessive sebum production (sebum is the oil produced by the sebaceous glands), there is clogging of the glands, which stops the normal exfoliation of dead cells. These dead cells along with excessive sebum forms a plug called a “comed” or blackhead/whitehead”.The stagnant fluid inside a plug is a fertile media for bacteria called Corynebacterium to grow which them progresses to form Pimples / Acne.

Warts and Corn

Our skin may get affected by different types of infections based on different factors around us. A common occurrence among those is warts. These are basically growths on human skin which are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Sometimes these growths become prominent enough to cause social embarrassment.

A corn is a localised area of the skin which has become thick and hard due to repeated friction and pressure.It is formed due to repeated friction, pressure or irritation on one particular area.Corns are most often found on soles because of frequent walking especially with ill-fitting footwear, bony defects or faulty walking habit. People often develop calluses on the middle finger of their dominant hand due to writing or on their palms in bike riders.


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